12 healthy tips for selecting shoes

The beautiful and the price are not the only thing that counts:

Have you instantly fall in love with those gorgeous shoes you saw in the store window? Before you run to buy them, it is good that you inform yourself of some details to see if it suits your feet health.     

Buying a pair of shoes is not as simple as it seems. That they look fabulous on your feet is not the only thing that matters. It is also essential that you are comfortable and that they do not cause you problems in the future. They must have the right size for your feet, neither smaller nor larger, that does not damage them and offer the support you need to the ankle.

Factors you should keep in mind:

• One is your figure and the state of your feet, to determine the best heel height that suits you. Very high heels are not always the most suitable. If you are rather thick, they will not help you maintain a good balance. And if you have bunions, calluses or hammertoes, those conditions will worsen. You should opt for a medium heel that will be more comfortable and safe.

• Stiletto heels or any other heel taller than three inches (7.62 cm) redistributes your body weight, causing most (90%) to fall towards the front of the foot. Pressure can create calluses on the front of the sole, and increase the pain of bunions, hammertoes, and calluses on the toes. And as these shoes are usually narrow at the tip, it is also common that they affect the balance and cause falls or sprains of the ankle.

• Pointy shoes compress fingers, sometimes causing annoying corns. They also put pressure on the nails. The constant pressure can cause ingrown toenails and increase the risk of developing hammertoes.

• If you have problems with the arch of the foot and inflammation in the Achilles tendon, avoid flat shoes. Even if you don’t have those problems, you should not use them continuously, because they can cause pain in the arch of the foot and tendonitis. Wear them with moderate heels.

• Platform shoes, as popular today, are as unstable as high heels. Select a pair that has a height with which you feel comfortable. Walking on a platform that is too high can cause tension in the leg muscles, and be the cause of dislocations and even fractures in the ankle.

12 recommendations to buy shoes:

1. Go shopping at the end of the afternoon: 

The feet tend to swell during the day. If you buy them in the morning, they may be tight when you use them for several hours.

2. Ask the seller to measure your feet:

Length and width every time you buy shoes. The feet can change size. Stand up while measuring them (bodyweight expands feet).

3. It is important that you measure both feet:

 Believe it or not, some people have one slightly larger than the other.

4. If your feet have a different size, buy the larger number:

The shoes do not “stretch,” but you can always fill in a template corresponding to the lower foot.

5. That the shoes do not squeeze you or stay big:

You must be able to move your fingers inside the shoe when standing; the feet should not slip inside the shoes when walking.

6. When you put on your shoes:

Take a short walk through the store to see how they fit. If they bother you in an area, they will surely bother you much more when you walk longer.

7. The material:

Of the upper part of the shoe should adapt to the shape of your foot. It is important that you provide support, but also that it gives in when you move your feet. Look for a material that does not irritate the skin and is porous, so that the air penetrates the shoes.

8. Select shoes that offer good inner padding:

So that they assimilate the pressure exerted on the bones and muscles every time when you take a step. Padding is important especially in three key areas: the arch of the foot; the front, where the front part of the floor rests; and the heel, which normally supports 25% of body weight.

9. It is also convenient for the material to be absorbent because it relieves heat inside the shoe, and prevents rashes and the spread of infections.

10. As for the sole:

See if it has the proper traction to avoid slipping on the type of floor on which you are going to wear the shoes.

11. Ideal heels provide a slight elevation:

Between ¾ inch and 1 inch (1.90 and 2.54 cm), whether it is a real heel or a thicker sole in that section.

12. Look at the part of the shoe that curves around the heel:

It must be firm enough to prevent dislocations and sprains of the ankle. The back of the foot should fit comfortably in the heel of the shoe, without sliding inside it.

Conclusion: do not get carried away by that love at first sight that you feel when you see some shoes. No matter how beautiful they are, take some basic precautions before buying them, and you’ll know if they are the perfect “couple” for your feet. Then, use them without fear, with the assurance that they will not harm your feet or cause you other problems.

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